It is important to closely monitor the development of children that had TAPS. In the Leiden University Medical Center, long-term follow-up is part of the standard care for children diagnosed with TAPS. During a follow-up appointment the development of the child is assessed in a playful way.
Recent studies show that long-term developmental impairment occurs in approximately 9% of TAPS survivors. In post-laser TAPS survivors, donors and recipients show comparable outcome. In spontaneous TAPS, the TAPS donor has an increased risk of long-term impairment and hearing loss.